NGA Early Golf Webmuseum
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Onbekend, ongedateerd

Ongedateerd croguet tafereel door een onbekende schilder

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Onbekend, ongedateerd

Prince and Princess of Wales playing croquet. The Illustrated London News

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Onbekend, ongedateerd

Le Monde Elegant

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Onbekend, ongedateerd

John E Williams Residence, Irvington, NY

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Onbekend, ongedateerd

Victorian Trading Card Girl Playing Croquet Walkers Wax Soap in Sleeve

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William Crawford Arsa

William Crawford Arsa (Scottish paintre, 1825-69). Eliza Anne Lochart (Nana), William Frederick (Bill) and John Henry Middleton playing croquet in a garden before a cornfield

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Percy W. Gibbs

Ladies playing croquet, painted by Percy W. Gibbs (English painter, active c 1895 - 1925)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Winslow Homer

Croquet, painted by Winslow Homer (American artist, 1836 - 1910)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Winslow Homer

Croquet Players, painted by Winslow Holmer (American artist, 1836 - 1910)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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David Johnson

Croquet on the Lawn, by David Johnson (American artist, 1827 - 1908)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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William McGregor Paxton

The Croquet Players, painted by William McGregor Paxton (American painter, 1869 - 1941)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Johann Mongles Culverhouse

Johann Mongles Culverhouse (Dutch-born American painter, 1825-1895) Croquet

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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John Sartain

Ulysses S. Grant (1822 - 1885), the 18th President of the United States (1869 - 1877) with his family, painted by John Sartain (1808 - 1897)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1834

Early croquet-like game from 'The Sports and Pastimes of the people of England', first published 1801. Hoop, peg and two players with balls clearly shown.This print was published in 1834.

Source: Do Smit (Kinigi)

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1860s

Photo of Croquet Players 1860s

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1860s

Walking and croquet dress, Le Diable Rose. 1860s

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1860s

The Game of Croquet, its Laws and Regulations is the first published record of Croquet being played in Scotland & this print shows the game being played at Eglinton Castle, Kilwinning, Ayrshire, in the early 1860s.

Source: The Game of Croquet, its Laws and Regulations, Do Smit
Author: Roger Griffith - Earl of Eglinton

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John Leech, 1862

A Croquet Match, drawned in 1862 by John Leech (English artist, 1817 - 1864)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1865

September croquet fashions, 1865. France, Cendrillon

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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John Leech, 1865

A Nice Game For Two Or More, drawned in 1865 by John Leech (English artist, 1817 - 1864)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Winslow Homer, 1866

Croquet Scene, painted in 1866 by Winslow Homer (1836 - 1910)

One of America’s master painters, Winslow Homer began his career as an illustrator during the Civil War. In the late 1860s, he turned his acute observational and technical skills toward oil painting, depicting figures bathed in sunlight out-of-doors. These early paintings, often executed in series, feature scenes of upper-class leisure pursuits—in this case, women and men competing with one another in the popular sport of croquet, which had recently been introduced to the United States from the British Isles. In Croquet Scene, one of five paintings Homer completed on the subject, progress on “the grand round” seems fairly advanced. The crouching male figure positions the ball belonging to the woman dressed in red. She is about to croquet (or “send up the country”) another ball, probably belonging to the woman in the left foreground, who shields her eyes against the bright afternoon sun. Notable for its bold patterning, strong contours, and brilliant light effects, the painting epitomizes the spirit of a breezy summer afternoon.

Employed as an illustrator during the Civil War, Winslow Homer began to work in oil paint in 1862, remaining, for the most part, self-taught. His early paintings demonstrate how his skills as a draftsman and printmaker informed his art: graphic qualities such as broad, simple planes and carefully constructed spatial organization appear in many of his works, including Croquet Scene. After the war, Homer became interested in country life, depicting farmers and their families, and the upper-middle class vacationing at summer resorts. In oil paintings, watercolors, and wood engravings, he portrayed these aspects of contemporary American existence with acute observational and technical skills, rarely exaggerating or sentimentalizing his subjects.

Croquet was introduced to America at mid-century from Ireland and England. Homer recorded people enjoying the game as a leisure pastime in a series of paintings, of which the Art Institute’s is an outstanding example. Despite the attention given to the players’ clothing, in the bright sunlight the forms of the four figures seem to flatten out against the lawn and trees behind them. Indeed, the contrast of the dense, dark foliage and the bright hues of the women’s fashionable dresses throw the figures into high relief. As the woman in red prepares to place her foot upon the croquet ball (and then presumably knock away her opponent’s ball), the male figure in the center leans down to adjust the placement of the ball. This gesture could be a chivalrous effort to help the woman maintain her modest pose, or an attempt to view the woman’s ankle. In this way, Croquet Scene embodies Homer’s consummate ability to capture both visual and societal details.

Oil on canvas. 403 x 662 mm; 15.87 x 26.06 in. Signed, lower right: "WINSLOW HOMER/-66-"

Art Institute of Chigago (1942.35). Friends of American Art Collection; Goodman Fund

Provenance
• William Sumner Appleton, Boston, from 1871 to 1903
• by descent to William Sumner Appleton, Jr., Boston
• from 1903. C.C. Childes, Boston, by 1941
• sold to The Art Institute of Chicago, 1942.

Exhibitions
• New York, Macbeth Gallery, An Introduction to Homer, Dec. 15-Jan. 18, 1937, cat. 69.
• New York City, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Life in America, cat. 217.
• Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Sport in American Art, Oct. 10-Dec. 10, 1944, cat. 56.
• Utica, Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Paintings by Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins, Dec. 1-Jan. 19, 1947, cat. 10.
• Northampton, Mass., Smith College Museum of Art, Winslow Homer: Illustrator, Feb.1951; traveled to Williamstown, Mass., Lawrence Art Museum, Williams College, cat. 30.
• Los Angeles Municipal Gallery, Barnsdall Park, The American Scene 1710-1940, Apr. 17-May 6, 1956.
• Washington D.C., National Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, Winslow Homer, A Retrospective Exhibition, Nov. 23, 1958-Jan. 4, 1959, cat. 9; traveled to New York City, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Jan. 29-Mar. 8, 1959; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mar.-May 1959.
• Washington D.C., National Gallery of Art, Winslow Homer, Oct. 15, 1995-Jan. 28, 1996; traveled to Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Feb. 21-May 26, 1996, New York City, Metropolitan Museum of Art, June 17-Sept. 22, 1996.
• Metropolitan Museum of Art, "American Stories: Paintings of Everyday Life, 1765-1915," October 12, 2009-January 24, 2010; traveled to Los Angeles County Museum of Art, February 28-May 23, 2010.

Source: commons.wikipedia.org, Do Smit

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1866

The Game of Croquet Published by Harper’s Weekly. 1866 detail

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1866

Godey’s croquet fashions for Kimmel & Forster N.Y., April 1866

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Philip Hermogenes Calderon, 1867

Resting in the Shade after a game of Croquet, in 1867 painted by Philip Hermogenes Calderon (French-born English painter, 1833 - 1898)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1870

Croqueting the Rover. 1870

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1870

The All-England Croquet Club at Wimbledon Ladies Sport Croquet. Illustrated London News, 1870

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1870

Les modes parisiennes Peterson’s Magazine, July, 1870.

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1870

Croquet. Published in Every Saturday An Illustrated Journal of choice Reading, Boston. 1870

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Edouard Manet, 1871

Part of Croquet at Boulogne-sur-Mer, painted in 1871 by Edouard Manet (French painter, 1832 - 1883)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1871

Croquet Under Difficulties, The Illustrated London News, 1871

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1871

Preparing for Croquet published in Harper’s Weekly, New York, July 22, 1871.

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1872

The Last Croquet Game of the Summer published in Harper’s Bazar, New York, Nov. 2, 1872.

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Louise Abbéma, 1872

A Game of Croquet, painted in 1872 by Louise Abbéma (1853 - 1927)

Oil on canvas.

Private collection

Source: http://www.the-athenaeum.org/art/full.php?ID=105748, Do Smit

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Paul Girardet, 1872

Part Of Croquet, engraving by Paul Girardet

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1873

Never Too Old To Play Croquet Nor Yet Too Young. Published for Harper's Weekly, August 1873

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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George Brown, 1873

Have a game, painted in 1873 by George Brown (American genre artist, 1831-1913)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Edouard Manet, 1873

The Croquet Game painted in 1873 by Edouard Manet (1832 - 1883)

Oil on canvas. 72,5 x 106 cm / 28,5 x, 41,7 in

Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main

Source: Do Smit

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1874

Croquet, Principles & Rules, by Prof. A. Rover. Springfield Mass; Milton Bradley & Co, 1874

Bron: Do Smit

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1874

Afbeelding uit het boekje 'Croquet, Principles & Rules, by Prof. A. Rover. Springfield Mass., Milton Bradley & Co, 1874

Bron: Do Smit

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1874

Afbeelding uit het boekje 'Croquet, Principles & Rules, by Prof. A. Rover. Springfield Mass., Milton Bradley & Co, 1874

Bron: Do Smit

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1875

Oneida Community, New York. 1875

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1876

1876, James H Holly Residence, Warwick, NY

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1876

A game of croquet on the front lawn of Perry Guile’s house in Milo, New York. 1876

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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James Tissot, 1878

Croquet, in 1878 painted by James Tissot (Franch artist, 1836 - 1902)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Billy the kid, 1878

Foto uit 1878 van Billy the Kid (links) die croquet speelt. Excerpt uit grotere foto.

Bille the Kid was de bijnaam van de legendatische crimineel en revolverheld William Henry McCarty (New York 23 november 1859 - 14 juli 1881 Fort Sumner, New Mexico, USA). Hij was ook bekend onder de bijnamen William H. Bonney en Kid Antrim.

Wikipedia
Volgens de overlevering vermoordde hij 21 mensen alvorens hij in 1881 op 21-jarige leeftijd zelf werd doodgeschoten door sheriff Pat Garrett. Zijn eerste moord zou The Kid gepleegd hebben toen hij twaalf jaar oud was. Overigens zijn maar vier van deze moorden daadwerkelijk bewezen; Frank Cahill schoot hij in de maag uit zelfverdediging naar aanleiding van pesterijen, Joe Grant werd in een saloon door The Kid in zijn kin geschoten nadat Grant probeerde hem te slim af te zijn, en hulpsheriffs James W. Bell en Bob Ollinger werden doodgeschoten tijdens een ontsnapping uit de gevangenis van Lincoln. The Kid was ook betrokken bij de moord op sheriff William Brady en deputy George Hindman, die hij samen met vijf anderen uit een hinderlaag neerschoot. Voor alle andere moorden die aan The Kid toegeschreven worden, is zijn betrokkenheid nooit onomstotelijk vastgesteld, al is het zeer waarschijnlijk dat hij erbij betrokken was.

Billy the Kid was tijdens zijn leven al een legende en de kranten schreven met regelmaat over zijn daden. In 1881 kreeg hij grote bekendheid nadat gouverneur Lew Wallace een prijs op zijn hoofd zette. Naast zijn moordlustige reputatie was hij ook befaamd om zijn koelbloedigheid in penibele situaties en zijn ontsnappingen uit gevangenissen.

Bron: Do Smit

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1880

Valentine showing a woman playing croquet. 1880

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1881

American Fashion Croquet Dresses, 1881

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1883

Childrens Country Costumes from The Queen. 1883

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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P. Nexxell, 1885

A game of croquet without rules. Harper’s Young People. 1885

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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T.a. Henry Pauw van Wieldrecht, ca. 1886 - ca. 1896

Hotel du Monte d'Oro in Vizzavona (titel op object), Corsica, Frankrijk. Op de voorgrond, voor het hotel speelt een groep mensen croquet.

Foto, mogelijk genomen door de fotograaf jhr. Henry Pauw van Wieldrecht (Zeist 1863 - Zeist 1912). Albuminedruk op fotopapier op karton in album. Foto 213 x 150 mm; blad 322 x 498 mm

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (RP-F-2007-359-70), op 11 december 2008 geschonken door de erven van de heer H. Pauw van Wieldrecht, Den Haag. Deze foto maakt deel uit van een album (RP-F-2007-359) met foto's uit Frankrijk, Monaco, Corsica en Italië

Bron: Do Smit

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Leon Benett, 1889

Leon Benett, Fortune Louis Méaulle Croquet, 1889

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Pierre Bonnard, 1892

Crespuscule or Part Croquet, painted in 1892 by Pierre Bonnard (French painter, 1867 - 1947)

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Leon Wyczókowski, 1892 - 1895

A game of croquet, painted between 1892 and 1895 by Leon Wyczókowski (1852 - 1936)

Oil on canvas. 122 x 96,5 cm (48 x 38 in)

National Museum in Warsaw (MP 2488)

Literatuur
• cyfrowe.mnw.art.pl

Source: Do Smit

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Croquet onder water, 1899 - 1910

Croquet onder water in het jaar 2000. Frankrijk in de eenentwintigste eeuw.

Prent uit de serie 'De Wereld van Morgen' door verscheidene kunstenaars. De kunstenaars tonen hoe de toekomst er uit zou kunnen zien, in het bijzonder als gedacht wordt aan Frankrijk. Zie de overige prenten op http://uborsshik.spox.ru/ru/blog/2566.ekstrim_glaz.html

Anoniem. 1899 - 1910.

Bron: Do Smit

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HG&CC, ca. 1900

Eenzame croquet spelende dame bij het clubhuis ('The Cottage', anno 1894) van de Haagsche Golf & Country Club te Wassenaar.

Bron: Michiel Eijkman

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1901

Seaside Games

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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Anna Whelan Betts,1904

Croquet, illustration made by Anna Whelan Betts (American illustrator, 1875 - 1952)

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1905

Chatterbox Magazine, 1915

Source: Barbara Wells Sarudy

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1907

Spalding's Athletic Library, Group XI, No. 138. Official Croquet Guide. American Sports Publishing Co., 21 Warren Street New York. Charles Jacobus, editor

Bron: Do Smit

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1907

Afbeelding uit 'Croquet And Its Rules by Charles Jacobus, 1907

Bron: Do Smit

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1907

Afbeelding uit 'Croquet And Its Rules by Charles Jacobus, 1907

Bron: Do Smit